Population: 6.1 million
Currency: Gold Cordoba
Religion: Roman Catholic
Area size: 129,000 square km’s
A mountainous land with western valleys, Nicaragua borders Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. It claimed independence from Spain in 1821 and became a Republic in 1838. Today, small towns all over the country offer simple off-the-beaten track tour packages, while an affluent wildlife (1400 animal species), beautiful beaches and rainforests, and a volcanic pacific coast have helped build Nicaragua’s unassuming tourism industry.
The least densely populated country in Central America with just under 5.8 million inhabitants, Nicaragua is the land of Lakes and Volcanoes. Today, adventurous travellers are likely to hike near-perfect cone shaped Volcan Concepcion, Lake Cocibolca, the largest freshwater lake in Central America, and Rio San Juan, the same river said to be the route for Aztec traders so long ago.
Smartraveller advice – travelling to Nicaragua, click here